Body donation is donating or gifting the body for medical research and education purposes. The donated bodies are used by the medical students and researchers to study and understand the basic structure or anatomy of human body.
According to the Anatomy Act, 1949, hospitals and teaching medical institutions are provided with unclaimed bodies and can accept whole body donations for the purpose of anatomical examination, dissection and other similar purposes.
Body donations are highly valued and respected by the staff and students of medical colleges and hospitals. They receive cadavers from voluntary donors and unclaimed bodies provided by the Police. These bodies are embalmed and preserved to be used to teach human anatomy and to learn life-saving surgical procedures like vascular surgeries and internal organs. Body donation will benefit the medical students in mastering human anatomy and surgical techniques that can save lives. Each cadaver is a new source of knowledge with variations, finest source of gaining knowledge, more than any text book or computer. Cadavers help in developing psychomotor skills by dissecting to medical students.
Some of the prominent personalities that have donated their bodies for medical research are Jyoti Basu (popular communist leader and ex-chief minister of West Bengal) and Nanaji Deshmukh (Jana Sangh leader).